Beijing, an ancient capital of six dynasties in China, has a long history and a relatively complete ancient architectural pattern. Beijing, Jing for short, as the capital of the People's Republic of China, is China's political, cultural and international exchange center. Therefore, Beijing has a rich and diversified landscape of ancient and modern culture and a profound cultural heritage.
Beijing covers a total area of 16,807.8 square kilometers, with Junrendu Mountain in its north and Western Hills in its west. Dongling Mountain, which borders on Hebei Province, is the highest peak in Beijing with an altitude of 2,303 meters. Beijing has three large reservoirs: Miyun, Huairou and Shisanling (Ming Tombs); and five major rivers, Chaobai, North Canal, Yongding, Juma and Tanghe.
Beijing's climate is that of temperate continental monsoon. In November, winter comes to Beijing, with a dry and cold climate and less snow.
Don't miss Beijing's special snacks and famous time-honored dishes when you come to Beijing for sightseeing. Famous dishes include Beijing roast duck, instant boiled mutton and palace dishes.
The Palace Museum
Located in the center of Beijing, the Palace Museum is the former imperial palace of the Ming and Qing dynasties, and is the largest existing imperial palace and ancient building complex preserved until the modern times. Among them, the main buildings of the outer court are The Hall of Supreme Harmony, The Hall of Central Harmony and The Hall of Preserving Harmony.
The Palace Museum applies the ticket system of the slack/busy season. The price of ticket is 60 yuan / person in the busy season (from April 1 to October 31 every year) and 40 yuan / person in the slack season. The tickets can be booked online. Please note that the sales limit of the Palace Museum is 80,000 tickets a day, and the tickets can be booked 10 days in advance at the earliest. In addition, the Palace Museum is closed on Mondays throughout the year.
Badaling Great Wall
Badaling Great Wall is located in the south of Yanqing County, Beijing, to the northwest of the urban area of Beijing, 75 kilometers away from the city center. Badaling Great Wall is a part of the Great Wall, a great defense project in ancient China.
It is recommended to take Bus No. 877 to Badaling Great Wall: Exit Metro Line 2 Jishuitan Station via Exit A (northwest) or Exit B (southeast), walk to the rear of Desheng City-gate and take Bus No. 877 to the foot of Badaling Great Wall. The fare in cash per person is 13 yuan, and the bus card fare costs only 6.5 yuan. It takes about 2 hours and 30 minutes to get to the destination on bus without stops as a direct line.
Badaling Great Wall also applies the ticket system of slack/busy season. The price of ticket is 40 yuan / person in the busy season (from April 1 to October 31 every year), and 35 yuan / person in the slack season.
The Summer Palace
The predecessor of the Summer Palace is the Qingyi Garden, which belongs to Yuan Ming Yuan (The Old Summer Palace). It is a royal garden museum with the largest building scale, the highest degree of preservation and the highest cultural value in the world today. It covers a total area of 4,300 mu (15mu=1 ha), with dozens of visiting spots distributed at the Longevity Hill and on the banks of Kunming Lake. The green Longevity Hill, the rippled Kunming Lake, the majestic architectural complex, all kinds of plants cultivated according to the gardening art, the surrounding and the artificial and natural scenic spots interspersed among them, together unfold to tourists a wonderful landscape painting with distinctive Chinese cultural characteristics.
The Summer Palace also applies the ticket system of slack/busy season. The price of ticket is 30 yuan / person in the busy season (from April 1 to October 31 every year), and 20 yuan / person in the slack season.
Hutong is a kind of ancient city lane unique to Beijing. Hutong was originally Mongolian, meaning "a small lane". Due to the strict planning of Beijing's ancient urban construction, hutongs are relatively straight and scattered. Beijing has more than 7,000 hutongs, with various names. Some are named after celebrities, such as Prime Minister Wen's Hutong; some are named after markets and commodities, such as Goldfish Hutong; some are named after local dialects of Beijing, such as Muffled Gourd Jar Hutong.
Beijing has more than thousands of hutongs distributed around the Forbidden City. Most of them came into being in Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties in Chinese history.